From Libau to Tsushima : a narrative of the voyage of Admiral Rojdestvensky's fleet to eastern seas, including a detailed account of the Dogger Bank incident. Furthermore, the design of the warships themselves may have played a part. [3], Accidents and rumours, which had also dogged the United States Navy during the war with Spain in 1898, did not exempt the Russian fleet on their voyage, and there was general fear of attack among the sailors, with widespread rumours that a fleet of Japanese torpedo boats were stationed off the Danish coast, as well as talk of the Japanese having mined the seas and alleged sightings of Japanese submarines. The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook some British trawlers in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. Once the Kamchatka joined back up the crew announced that they had been encountered Japanese destroyers and fired hundreds shells at the approaching vessels, forcing them to retreat. Indeed, the battleship Oryol was said to have fired over five-hundred shells without scoring a single hit on the British trawlers. In the early years of the Twentieth Century fishing boats were much less productive than they were now as they lacked modern engines, nets and fish-finding technology. A Dogger Bank-i incidens (más néven hulli incidens vagy északi-tengeri incidens) 1904. október 21-ének éjszakáján történt, amikor az orosz–japán háború miatt a Távol-Keletre tartó orosz Balti Flotta hajói tüzet nyitottak kivilágítatlan angol halászhajókra, mivel a Japán Birodalmi Haditengerészet torpedóhajóinak hitték őket. The Dogger Bank incident. For a short while a war between Britain and Russia looked likely as the British Home Fleet was prepared for war and other British warships which were already at sea made their way towards the Baltic Fleet and shadowed the Russian ships as they made their way to the Atlantic. A ‘near miss’ was the Dogger Bank Incident of October 1904. The Aurora, a Russian cruiser attacked by other Russian ships during the incident. Russia then also agreed to attend an independent inquiry in Paris which would independently address the Dogger Bank Incident. Three of the trawlers were hit: the Crane, the Mien, and the Moulmein. To quell the fears of the crews, Admiral Rozhestvensky called for increased vigilance and issued an order that "no vessel of any sort must be allowed to get in among the fleet". There would also be support and supply ships accompanying the fleet. The British put forward the claim that the Russian actions were borne out of confusion and incompetence and shelling civilian vessels could in no way be considered a justifiable act. [8] In 1906 the Fisherman's Memorial was unveiled in Hull to commemorate the deaths of the three British sailors. Dogger Bank 1904 - The Russian fleet attacks Hull trawlers The most unusual incident in British Trawling history perhaps took place on 21st October 1904. The inquiry took place in early 1905. Britain’s Home Fleet was mobilised in the wake of the Dogger Bank Incident, although war between Russian and the UK did not break out. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Email us: Coordinates: 54°43′26″N 2°46′08″E / 54.724°N 2.769°E / 54.724; 2.769. RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR - THE DOGGER BANK INCIDENT GOES WRONG. The Kamchatka eventually rejoined the fleet and claimed that she had engaged three Japanese warships and fired over 300 shells: the ships she had actually fired at were a Swedish merchantman, a German trawler, and a French schooner. Instead, despite the loss of life and damage the trawlers escaped the incident relatively lightly. Find premium, high-resolution stock photography at Getty Images. It also concluded as follows: "the commissioners take pleasure in recognising, unanimously, that Admiral Rozhestvenski personally did everything he could, from beginning to end of the incident, to prevent The Dogger Bank Incident. 51) is similar to that for 6 September 1979 (except that the Dogger Bank does not show as an area of high reflectance) and also to those for the winter months (e.g. [6] The commission completed its report on 26 February 1905, in which it criticised Admiral Rozhestvenski for his decision to fire upon the British ships. 18 feet high statue shows the dead fisherman George Henry Smith and carries the following inscription: Connaughton, Richard Michael (1988) (Digitized by Google Books online). Check your inbox now to confirm your subscription. The vessel began to sink but the remaining crew were rescued by other trawlers, despite some being seriously injured. The enemy ships turned out to be civilian merchant vessels and a trawler, all from European nations, although the inaccurate Russian shelling meant that no loss of life was reported in this incident. Dogger Bank Russian Outrage incident 1904 St Andrews Dock, Hull postcard.jpg 865 × 544; 422 KB Фото к статье «Гулльский инцидент». Fishing vessels therefore had to work in fleets consisting of trawlers which would catch the fish which would then be transferred onto carrier vessels which would steam back to port, unload the catch and then return to the trawlers. Because of incorrect reports about the presence of Japanese torpedo boats, submarines and minefields in the North Sea, and the general nervousness of the Russian sailors, 48 harmless fishing vessels were attacked by the Russians, thousands … The Dogger Bank incident (also known as the North Sea Incident, the Russian Outrage or the Incident of Hull) occurred on the night of 21/22 October 1904, when the Russian Baltic Fleet mistook a British trawler fleet from Kingston upon Hull in the Dogger Bank area of the North Sea for an Imperial Japanese Navy force and fired on them. The British trawler Crane was sunk, and its captain and first mate were killed. International Dispute Settlement – Merills, J. G., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University, 1999, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=igwOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA259&dq=%22dogger+bank%22+incident+battle+russia#PPA247,M1, The dogger bank incident in 1904 – The Russian fleet attacks Hull trawlers, Details and History of some of the Trawlers, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Dogger_Bank_incident?oldid=2594225. Major Frederick Rowlandson Godfrey (1906) By Eugene S. Politovsky Location of the Dogger Bank in the North Sea. Find 64 listings related to Chase Bank in Laurel on YP.com. Following a number of defeats in the South China Sea and the Sea of Japan Russia decided to reinforce its navy by sending a large number of warships from Russia’s Baltic Fleet – including some of their newest and most powerful battleships under the command of Admiral Zinovy Rozhestvensky – to the Far East. The Russian warships then trained their searchlights on the trawlers and opened fire. The torpedo boats were a relatively new advancement in naval technology and it had been proven that even the mightiest cruiser or battleship could be damaged or even completely sunk by the small and agile boats. The Russian Baltic Fleet continued its journey to Japan although the events of Dogger Bank meant they had to make huge changes to the route they had planned to take. Other heavy defeats such as the Battle of Yalu River had put the Russians very much on the back foot and desperate for reinforcements both from the sea and via the extremely long and slow Trans-Siberian Railway. One of the largest and most famous fleets w… This meant that the Russians had to abandon their original route of getting to Japan via the Mediterranean and Suez Canal and instead take a much longer route, circumnavigating the entire continent of Africa and resulting in a journey of almost 20,000 miles which took many months. It was within this context of heavy defeats and surprise attacks that the Baltic Fleet took its long journey from Europe to Asia. However, the various studies of the origins of the war provide only limited treatment of the Dogger Bank, or North Sea, incident. contact@britishseafishing.co.uk. This site uses cookies and affiliate links, Additional Articles on Sea Fishing Techniques. The man who'd come to think of himself as Gandalf Grey relaxed in his armchair and sighed. This incident took place in … Torpedo boats created a psychological stress on sailors at war, and as early as 1898, during the Spanish-American War, American warships had opened fire on ocean swells, trains on land, and rocks along the coastline, after sailors had mistaken them for Spanish torpedo boats. The editorial of the morning's Times was particularly scathing: The Royal Navy prepared for war, with 28 battleships of the Home Fleet being ordered to raise steam and prepare for action, while British cruiser squadrons shadowed the Russian fleet as it made its way through the Bay of Biscay and down the coast of Portugal. The incident led to a serious diplomatic conflict between Russia and Britain, which was particularly dangerous due to the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. Although it must be noted that the close range meant that many of the most powerful cannons on the Russian battleships could not be used the guns which were used should have been more than sufficient to obliterate the Gamecock fleet. Later that night, during fog, the officers on duty sighted the British trawlers, interpreted their signals incorrectly and classified them as Japanese torpedo boats. The fleet would then enter the Mediterranean and head through the Suez Canal and Red Sea and then on to Japan through the Indian Ocean – a journey of many thousands of miles. [4] The firing lasted for twenty minutes before the British fishermen observed a blue light being signalled on one of the warships; this was the order to cease firing.[5]. The Dogger Bank Incident took place in the final few years of the pre-Dreadnaught era, with many Russian ships being made unstable as additional weapons, armour and other military hardware was added to existing vessels as technology advanced. Rumours had spread through the Baltic Fleet that the highest likelihood of an attack would be as they entered British territorial waters, and many members of the Russian crew were terrified that Britain would use its large trawler fleet to hide Japanese torpedo boats, or that trawlers may actually be disguised Japanese boats. On the night of the 21st of October 1904 the Gamecock fleet was fishing on the Dogger Bank – an area of the North Sea approximately sixty miles off the east coast of England – in thick fog. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval engagement on 24 January 1915, near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the Kaiserliche Marine (High Seas Fleet). Dogger Bank Incident 1904 Nfuneral Procession At Hull England For Fishermen George Henry Smith And William Richard Leggott The Two Men Were Killed During An Accidental Attack At Dogger Bank In The Nor. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The trawlers Mino and Moulmein were hit with multiple shells, injuring many crew members. The British were understandably outraged by the incident. The Russian battleship Borodino was involved in the Dogger Bank Incident. The Russians also claimed that they did not recognised the flares and lights of the British trawlers which identified the vessels as civilian fishing boats as these types of signal were not used in Russia and also stated that they were justified in leaving damaged trawlers and injured fishermen in the area as there were enough undamaged trawlers in the area to rescue the wounded and the Russians believed that they may still come under attack from additional Japanese torpedo boats which they had not spotted. Training was extremely poor when compared to other European nations and the combination of lack of experience and training meant that the panicky Russian crews could easily make the mistaken decision to attack civilian ships. The Russian fleet was barred from using the Suez Canal and British ports as a result of the incident. The quality of crews may have also played a part. The Russian warships involved in the incident were en route to the Far East, to reinforce the 1st Pacific Squadron stationed at Port Arthur, and later Vladivostok, during the Russo-Japanese War. The planned route would take the fleet out of the Baltic Sea and through the North Sea and English Channel. The Russians paid a sum of £66,000 to Britain in compensation over the Dogger Bank Incident, a fee equivalent to around £5,000,000 in 2014 when adjusted for inflation. When the Baltic Fleet eventually reached Japan it was decisively defeated in the Battle of Tsushima. It concluded that "the opening of fire by Admiral Rozhestvenski was not justifiable". The disaster of 21 October began in the evening, when the captain of the supply ship Kamchatka (Камчатка), which was last in the Russian line, took a passing Swedish ship for a Japanese torpedo boat and radioed that he was being attacked. However, the Russians took action to resolve the situation by instructing the Baltic Fleet to dock in Vigo, Spain where the Russian officers thought to be responsible for the incident were ejected from the fleet. Russian warships also fired on each other in the chaos of the melée. The damaged and battered trawlers then made their way back to their home port of Hull, flying their flags at half-mast to indicate that there had been a death at sea. Reports from the time indicate that some Russian vessels stated that torpedoes were seen in the water, and other reports said that at least one Russian ship believed that they were on the verge of being boarded and was readying crew members for hand-to-hand combat to repel the Japanese. This was an attempt by the British Empire to re-jig the alliances of Europe in its favour and create the Triple Entente by setting Japan on Russia, but it was a high risk strategy, and could easily spiral out of control if the fighting spread to Europe. 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